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Planes are chisel-like blades mounted in stocks or bodies. They assist the worker by holding the blade at the correct angle, by regulating the cutting depth, and sometimes by positioning the cut on the wood.

bench plane

Bench planes were used to plane wood to the desired thickness and to make it straight and smooth. They could be used on either the wood's broad surfaces or its edges.

molding plane

Molding planes were made in a great variety of shapes. Hollows and rounds were versatile planes used to cut simple round and hollow shapes, which could be combined to make more complicated moldings. Other moldings planes cut only one design. Since a different plane was required for each shape and size molding, woodworkers often owned other planes or large numbers of these planes.

Joining Planes

rabbet plane

Rabbet planes cut simple steps for lapped joints or wide grooves to receive another piece of wood.

fillister plane

Fillister planes were rabbet planes with built-in guides that determined the width and depth of the step.

tongue and groove planes

Pairs of tongue-and-groove planes cut matching grooves and tongues on the edges of boards so that they could be joined.

plow plane

Plow planes cut grooves, frequently to receive panels. They could be adjusted to cut grooves of different widths, depths, and distances from the board edge.

cooper's croze

Coopers' crozes cut the groove in barrel staves for the barrel head fit.